I can explain the causes and tactics of the Indian Independence movement
CREATE AN IDEA CAPTURE for the ideas in today's Learning Target
Background on Indian Nationalism
Since the mid-1800s, many upper-class Indians had attended British schools and learned European views of nationalism and democracy. They began to apply these political ideas to their own country.
Two main groups formed to work for an end to British rule: the mainly Hindu Indian National Congress, formed in 1885, and the Muslim League in 1906. After the end of World War I, many returning Indian soldiers who had served in the British army began push for more rights. After some violent protests, the British passed the Rowlatt Acts, which many Indians saw as violating their rights.
What happened next, is a dark stain in Britain's history. Watch the following video about the Amritsar Massacre, and capture its main ideas in your notebook
- Video of British Prime Minister David Cameron's recent visit to Amritsar
- Recording about whether Cameron should have apologized
Despite this violence, Gandhi continued to insist on using non-violence & civil disobedience to gain independence from the British. Check out these links to learn about some of their tactics: